Sleep problems are prevalent among Veterans. Left untreated, such problems may elevate psychological distress and increase risk of mental health disorders. Psychological ability to cope may buffer against bad psychological symptoms. Poor sleeping Veterans had worse physical and psychological health, lower ability to cope, and had to deal with more lifetime traumatic events.

As many as two-thirds of post-9/11 military veterans complain of sleep problems, including insomnia-like symptoms. Left untreated, chronic sleep problems increase the risk for many harmful conditions, including mental health problems. However, sleep problems remain overlooked with primary care physicians.

Sleep disturbances were thought to be associated with posttraumatic stress and general psychological distress. Poor sleep quality is connected with posttraumatic stress but not with general psychological distress.

Sleep interruption is beginning to be recognized military health issue, but little is known of how many military are affected or if it is a cause of death in the combat zone. Sleep disruption substantially raises the risk for post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and major depressive disorder.

High levels of depression, anxiety, and stress were significantly associated with decreased sleep quality or decreased help‐seeking from a professional

Sleep loss and daytime sleepiness is a direct link between sleep and mental health symptoms in young adults

Long and short sleep duration are both associated with suicidal thought planning. The odds for suicidal ideas increased in people with less than or equal to 6 hours sleep and greater than or equal to 10 hour of sleep.

Sleeping Time was considered short if less than 7 hours per day, and long if more than 8 hours a day. Poor mental health is associated with short sleep, and married/cohabitation status and living in rural areas was negatively associated with short sleep. In the elderly good mental health and lower illness probability were associated with long sleep. Heart pain, breathing problems, and ulcers were increased with short sleep times, while high cholesterol, high blood pressure, hardening of the arteries, and kidney stones were less likely to happen with long sleep duration. Health professionals should pay more attention to sleep patterns in older people also.

(references available upon request)

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